A detailed and comprehensive discussion of acne scars starts with causes of scarring, prevention of scarring, types of scars, and treatments for scars. Before talking about scars, a word about spots that may look like scars but are not scars in the sense that a permanent change has occurred. Even though they are not true scars and disappear in time, they are visible and can cause embarrassment. Also they are connected directly with the hair follicles. Exfoliation is the natural bodily process in which the dead skin cells peel off and newer cells come up to the skin surface. Due to the presence of an excess amount of body oil the dead cells around the hair follicle lining get stuck inside the follicle or skin pore, thereby blocking it up totally or partially.
Some bacterial microorganism within the hair follicles starts proliferating within this affected follicle. They feed on the sebum and metabolize it. The metabolized sebum is a kind of substance which generates irritation within the follicles yet remains unable to penetrate through the blocked pore. As an outcome of this, they find their way in deeper skin layer called dermis. But for dermis these are entirely foreign substances.
The natural bodily process gets active in order to expel this inflamed debris. Our skin responds back with profound inflammation. This inflammation generates a wound or lesion within the affected region which we see as scars even after the acne is gone. Types of Scars: Essentially there are a couple of different types of acne scars. The simplest scar is nothing more than a spot of skin bearing a brown, pink or purple colour, testimony to the fact that a pimple had been there. The other scar type is known as an ice pick scar.
Keloid Scars: These scars are due to aggressive healing process. These scars extend beyond the original injury. Its possible treatments includes surgical removal, injections with steroids, cryotherpy, creams and gels. Contracture Scars: In this skin is burned which causes tightening of skin due to which it hurts.
This scar may go deeper and deeper in muscles and nerves. Hypertrophic Scars: Red and raised scars, little bit similar to keloids. Acne Scars: It occurs due to disorder of hair sebaceous & follicles glands. When you have some red spots which is also to be known as pimples then you have a mild form of acne scars. Dermabrasion is another successful acne scar removal technique used extensively by dermatologists all over the world.
It is also called "lunch time peel". In this method, a very superficial layer of the skin is removed with the help of a rotating wire brush or a spinning diamond instrument. Apart from fixing the damaged tissue and evening the skin texture, this technique is also useful in removing pigments generated by acne.
Nevertheless, the remedial process might take around 10 days to 3 weeks?a fairly longer time as compared with laser resurfacing. One thing you shouldn't do to deal with acne scars is load up your face with masks or fancy lotions ? these won't help and may irritate your skin further, making the scars red and even more noticeable. If you have a red or brownish mark on your face that you got from a bad zit, have no fear ? it will eventually fade, just like the scars you had on your knees after you fell off your bike when you were a kid.
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